While the horse is intelligent among subhuman animals, it is safe to say that the horse is more concerned with the functioning of its acute sensory reception and its musculature than with mental processes.Though much has been written about “educated” horses that appear to exhibit an ability to spell and count, it is generally agreed that in such cases a very perceptive animal is responding to cues from its master.Young horses are known as The primitive horse probably stood 12 hands (about 120 cm, or 48 inches) tall at the withers, the high point on the back at the base of the neck, and was dun coloured (typically brownish to dark gray).Domestic horses gone wild, such as the mustangs of western North America, tend to revert to those primitive features under random mating: they generally are somewhat taller (about 15 hands), are usually gray, dun, or brownish in colour, and move in herds led by a stallion.The stomach is relatively small, and, since much vegetation must be ingested to maintain vital processes, foraging is almost constant under natural conditions.Domestic animals are fed several (at least three) times a day in quantities governed by the exertion of the placed far back on the elongated head admirably suit the horse for its chief mode of defense: flight.The cordovan leather fabricated by the Moors in Córdoba, Spain, was originally made from horsehide.
Many early human cultures were centred on possession of the horse.
Young horses have milk (or baby) teeth, which they begin to shed at about age two and a half.
The permanent teeth, numbering 36 to 40, are completely developed by age four to five years.
Superstition read meaning into the colours of the horse, and a horse’s head suspended near a grave or sanctuary or on the gables of a house conferred supernatural powers on the place.
Greek mythology created the Centaur, the most obvious symbol of the oneness of horse and rider.
The horse’s general form is characteristic of an animal of speed: the long leg bones pivot on pulley-like joints that restrict movement to the fore and aft, the limbs are levered to muscle masses in such a way as to provide the most efficient use of energy, and the compact body is supported permanently on the tips of the toes, allowing fuller extension of the limbs in running.